Research

Statistics

Into The Light: National Survey on the Mistreatment of Older Canadians 2015
thumbnail of Into The LightNational Initiative for the Care of the Elderly, 2015
A Canadian prevalence study of the five forms of mistreatment was conducted through direct respondent interviews with older adults nation-wide residing in community dwellings. The study revealed the prevalence for elder abuse in Canada for the last year was 7.5% (physical, sexual, psychological, and financial abuse) representing 695,248 older Canadians.
A Focus on Family Violence in Canada

The Chief of Public Health Officers Report on the State of Public thumbnail of family-violence-in-canadaHealth in Canada 2016

Despite the work of many researchers, health care professionals, organizations and communities, we still do not have a good understanding of why family violence happens, nor do we know how best to intervene. The report, indicates an estimated 766,000 or 8% of Canadians over the age of 55 years said they had or neglect from a family member in the previous year. This report sheds light on a topic that can be hard to talk about.

Ontario Population Projections Update, 2013 – 2041
Ministry of Finance, 2014
Census data from the Ministry of Finance, indicates Ontario is facing a significant demographic shift. The number of seniors aged 65 and over is projected to more than double from almost 2.1 million, or 15.2 per cent of population, in 2013 to over 4.5 million, or 25.5 per cent, by 2041. The growth in the share and number of seniors will accelerate over the 2013–2031 period as baby boomers turn age 65. After 2031, the growth in the number of seniors will slow significantly.
Click here to go to Ontario Ministry of Finance website for more information.
Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile, 2016

Family violence in Canada Statistical Profile 2016-thumbnailSection 5: Police-reported family violence against seniors. Using data from the 2016 Incident‑based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and the 2016 Homicide Survey, this section presents information on police‑reported family violence against seniors aged 65 and older. The following analysis highlights the prevalence of violent offences against seniors where the perpetrator is a family member.  For the first time in 2016, this section also includes an analysis of persons accused of family violence against seniors. Information on the sex and age of those accused of family‑related violent crime provides insight into the dynamics underpinning violent family contexts.

Click here to download the PDF report.

Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile, 2013
Family Violence in Canada 2013 full report ENG-thumbnailCanadian Centre for Justice Statistics, January 15, 2015
Section 4: Family violence against seniors – Using police-reported data1 from the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey, this section examines the extent to which Canadian seniors (aged 65 and over), nationally, provincially/territorially and across the country’s census metropolitan areas (CMAs) were the victims of a violent crime at the hands of a family member.
Click here to download the PDF report.

Family Violence in Canada 2013 full report ENG-thumbnailMeasuring violence against women Statistical Trends
Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics Released on February 25, 2013
The current report includes information on Aboriginal women and women living in Canada’s territories, dating violence, violence against girls and violence that occurs outside of the intimate partner/family context. It also shows trends over time and provides data at national, provincial/territorial, and census metropolitan area levels. A study on the economic impacts of one form of violence against women, spousal violence, is also presented.

At a glance Elder_abuse Report-thumbnailElder Abuse Prevalence and Incidence 
Fact Sheet, National Center on Elder Abuse

RESEARCH

ELDER ABUSE

Effectively engaging stakeholders and the public in developing violence prevention messages
Boyko, J., Wathen N., and Kothari, A. BMC Women’s Health 2017 17:35

The Relationship Between Age and Consumer Fraud Victimization
Dr. Rick Brown. Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice series: No. 519 November 2016. Australian Institute of Criminology.  www.aic.gov.au

Elder Abuse: Systematic Review and Implications for Practice
Dong, Xin Qi. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63:1214–1238, 2015

Elder Abuse
Lachs, M. and Pillemer, K.  The new England Journal of Medicine. 2015;373:1947-56.

Rethinking Elder Abuse in Canada and Why it Matters
McDonald, L. : May 27, 2013
Gerontology – 22nd Annual Friesen Conference-Taboo Topics in Residential Care  (video public lecture)

Theoretical Model Development in Elder Mistreatment
Burnight K, and Mosqueda L.: 2011
National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

Aging, Ageism and Abuse: Moving from Awareness to Action
Gloria Gutman and Charmaine Spencer
Publisher: Amsterdam ; Boston : Elsevier,  Feb 18 2010

DEMENTIA & ELDER ABUSE

Older Adult Abuse And Dementia: A Literature Review
Alzheimer Society of Canada, December 2010

People with Dementia as Witnesses to Emotional Events
Wiglesworth A, Mosqueda L.: 2011
National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE/SEXUAL ABUSE

Violence Against Older Women.  HelpAge  Discu
ssion Paper, November 2017. HelpAge International London, UK

Malmedal, W., Iversen, M.H., & Kilvik. A. (2014) Sexual Abuse-of-Older-Nursing-Home-Residents-A-Literature-Review-2014. Nursing Research and Practice Volume 2015, Article ID 90251.

Sutton, D. & Dawson, M. (January 2017). Femicide of Older Women. Learning Network Brief (31). London, Ontario: Learning Network, Centre for Research and Education on Violence Against Women and Children. www.vawlearningnetwork.ca

Pietsch, N. (July 2015). Sexual Femicide. Learning Network Brief (30). London, Ontario: Learning Network, Centre for Research and Education on Violence Against Women and Children. www.vawlearningnetwork.ca

Domestic Violence Risk Assessment: Informing Safety Planning & Risk Management Domestic Homicide Brief 2
Campbell, M., Hilton, NZ., Kropp, PR., Dawson, M., Jaffe, P. (2016). Domestic Violence Risk Assessment: Informing Safety Planning & Risk Management. Domestic Homicide Brief (2). London, ON: Canadian Domestic Homicide Prevention Initiative.

Intergeneratioinal Violence
Petosic, T. et al. February, 2015.  Ryerson Centre for Immigrant and Settlement, Ryerson University.

The Development of Promising Practices to Support Older Women Fleeing Violence Process and Outcome Evaluation Findings
Atira Women’s Resource Society. Arbor Educational & Clinical Consulting Inc. April, 2015

Neglect, Abuse and Violence Against Older Women
Division for Social Policy and Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2013

Measuring violence Against Women Statistical Trends
Edited by Maire Sinha. Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics Released on February 25, 2013

More Than Wife Abuse That Has Gone Old: A Conceptual Model for Violence Against the Aged in Canada and the US
Sev’er, A. (SPRING 2009). Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Vol. 40, No. 2, Aging: Families and Households in Global Perspective, pp. 279-292

Sexual Violence in Later Life A Technical Assistance Guide for Advocates
Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency.

Summary of the Women and the Criminal Justice System
Juristat Article. Statistics Canada, April 1, 2011.

Exploring the Sexual Rights of Older Adults Towards Healthy Sexuality and Freedom from victimization in Later Life
Solomon, J., Connolly, M-T.,  Lachs,  M.,  Ramsey-Klawsnik, H. & Breckman, R &  Callahan, JD. October, 2011
The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Center for Elder Abuse Prevention, Intervention and Research at the Hebrew Home at Riverdale.

Sexual violence in later life A Technical assistance Guide for Advocates
National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2010.

Outreach Strategies for Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Advocates: Reaching Out to Older Victims and Survivors of Abuse
National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life (NCALL)

Sexual Violence In later life
National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2010 .

Elder Sexual Abuse
Ramsey-Klawsnik, H. (2009). Elder Sexual Abuse. National Association Social Work.

Domestic Abuse in Later Life: Services and Interventions
Brandl, Bonnie and Cook-Daniels Loree,  2002

Age, Gender and Violence: Abuse Against Older Women
Hightower, Jill, Geriatrics and Aging – Volume 7, Number 3: March, 2004

Violence and Abuse in the Lives of Older Women: Is it elder abuse or violence against women? Does it make any difference?
Hightower, Jill: April, 2002

ABUSE OF OLDER ADULTS – ETHNO-CULTURAL ISSUES

A Study on the Settlement Related Needs of Newly Arrived Immigrant Seniors in Ontario
McDonald, George, Daciuk, Yan and Rowan
Faculty of Social work, University of Toronto: June 2001

What do we know about immigrant seniors aging in Canada? A demographic, socio-economic and health profile
Edward Ng, PhD, Daniel W.L. Lai, PhD, RSW, Aliza T. Rudner, MBA, MPH, & Heather Orpana, PhD
CERIS Working Papers 88-90, February, 2012

Ethnic Communities and the Challenge of Aging
Desai, Kappu; Polyphony, Volume 12, 1990, pp 87-92
Copyright Multicultural Historical Society of Ontario, 1991

Aboriginal Elder Abuse in Canada
Claudette Dumont-Smith, 2002

LGBT and ELDER ABUSE

Robson, C., Gutman, G., Marchbank, J., & Blair, K. (2018). Raising Awareness and Addressing Elder Abuse in the LGBT Community: An Intergenerational A
rts Project
. Language and Literacy, 20,(3) 46-66.

Mental Health Needs of LGBT Older Adults
Fred Munroe,  CKBX Central Park Public Radio. March 24, 2016.

LGBTQ COMMUNITIES AND HOME CARE Findings From Ontario-Based Research

QUEERING HOME CARE Findings From Ontario-Based Research

Lesbian, Gay Male, Bisexual and Transgendered Elders: Elder Abuse and Neglect Issues
By Loree Cook‐Daniels, Transgender Aging Network, 2002

CBC Radio One: Gay and GreyA special series: Gay & Grey. Host Stephen Quinn and the On The Coast team takes an intimate look at aging in the LGBT community. March 10 – 14, 2014

Gay and Grey: LGBT Seniors Fear Care Facilities
Dr. Shari Brotman, and Lisa Christiansen. Documentary. March 11, 2014

LEGAL /JUSTICE

Integrated Police Response for Abused Seniors : Practice Guidelines for Implementing the Model Beaulieu, M., Côté, M., Blais, J., Diaz, L., Cloutier, J., Loock, J. & D’Amours, M. (2016). Service de police de la Ville de Montréal. Sherbrooke and Montréal. 39 p.

Legal Capacity, Decision‐Making And Guardianship Discussion Paper
Law Commission of Ontario: May 2014

HEALTH CARE

Caregiving for Older Adults with Disabilities Present Costs, Future Challenges
IRPP Study, December, 2015

Coroners’ Investigations of Suspicious Elder Deaths
Mosqueda L, Wiglesworth A. 2012
National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

Discussing screening for elder abuse at primary health care level
January, 2008

Identifying abuse in older people
Neno, R. & Neno M. Nursing Standard 20, 3 , 43-47. July, 2005

Long Term Care and Elder Abuse

Office of the Chief Coroner for Ontario. Geriatric and Long-Term Care Review Committee 2013-14 Annual Report. October 2015

Old and dangerous: Senior violence is getting worse.  Last year, five elderly Canadians were allegedly killed by other seniors with dementia
Ken MacQueen. Maclean’s Magazine.  January 17, 2014

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